The Advocates 7-15-09

“The Advocates”


Richard J. Garfunkel

 WVOX – AM Radio 1460- 12 Noon Wednesday

July 15, 2009

All archived Shows at:


Wednesday, July 15, 2009, at 12:00 Noon, I am hosting my show, The Advocates on WVOX- 1460 AM, or you can listen to the program’s live streaming at One can call the show at 914-636-0110 to reach us on the radio.  Our guest is Associate Professor Robert F. Jefferson of Xavier University, Cincinnati, Ohio.  Our subject is his critically important book, Fighting For Hope, African-American Troops of the 93rd Division WWII, (The Johns Hopkins University Press, September, 2008), about the struggle for the Double V victory in WWII against fascism and at home against racism.

Robert F. Jefferson, is an Associate Professor and teaches courses in African American studies and United States history along with being the campus coordinator for the Student Achievement in Research and Scholarship Program (STARS) at Xavier University.  He holds a Ph.D. in history from the University of Michigan, a master’s degree from Old Dominion University, and a bachelors’ degree from Elon University. Professor Jefferson has taught at the University of Iowa and Wayne State University, respectively. 

Jefferson is also a Distinguished Lecturer for the Organization of American Historians. He is currently working on a new book titled Searching for Shadrach’s Sons and Daughters:  African American Ex-GIs, Race, and Disability in Modern American Wars. His articles on African American GIs and World War II, Oral History, and Disability Studies have appeared in Oral History and Public Memories, the Journal of Family History, Quaderni Storici (Bologna), Oral History Review, Contours:  A Journal of the African Diaspora, and the Historian., and the Historian

His book Fighting For Hope, is a fascinating history showing how African-American military men and women seized their dignity through barracks culture and community politics during and after World War II.

Led by white officers and presumably unable to fight—and with the army taking great pains to regulate contact between black soldiers and local women—the division was largely relegated to support roles during the advance on the Philippines, seeing action only later in the war when U.S. officials found it unavoidable.

Jefferson discusses racial policy within the War Department, examines the lives and morale of black GIs and their families, documents the debate over the deployment of black troops, and focuses on how the soldiers’ wartime experiences reshaped their perspectives on race and citizenship in America. He finds in these men and their families incredible resilience in the face of racism at war and at home and shows how their hopes for the future provided a blueprint for America’s postwar civil rights struggles.



Book Website:


Meanwhile, the mission of The Advocates is to bring to the public differing views on current “public policy” issues. “Public policy,” therefore, is what we as a nation legally and traditionally follow.


One can find my essays on FDR and other subjects at One can also listen to all of the archived shows at: Our guest next week will be Mr. Burt Solomon, the author of FDR v. The Constitution and FDR’s Court Re-organization plan.


Richard J. Garfunkel


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