The Advocates 8-12-09

“The Advocates”


Richard J. Garfunkel

 WVOX – AM Radio 1460- 12 Noon Wednesday

August 12, 2009

All archived Shows at:


Wednesday, August 12, 2009, at 12:00 Noon, I am hosting my show, The Advocates on WVOX- 1460 AM, or you can listen to the program’s live streaming at One can call the show at 914-636-0110 to reach us on the radio.  Our guest is Mr. Michael A. Cohen, author and commentator about American politics and issues. Our subject will be President Obama’s report card after six months, healthcare reform and his views on Afghanistan.

Michael A. Cohen is a Senior Research Fellow at the New America Foundation where he co-helms the Privatization of Foreign Policy Initiative, which examines the growing influence and impact of non-state actors in U.S. foreign policy. He is also the author of Live From the Campaign Trail: The Greatest Presidential Campaign Speeches of the 20th Century and How They Shaped Modern America (Walker Books: 2008).

Previously, Mr. Cohen served in the U.S. Department of State as chief speechwriter for U.S. Representative to the United Nations Bill Richardson and Undersecretary of State Stuart Eizenstat. He has worked at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Foreign Policy magazine, and as chief speechwriter for Sen. Chris Dodd (D-CT). Mr. Cohen serves on the board of the National Security Network and has taught at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs.

A frequent commentator on politics and international affairs his work has been published in the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, the St. Petersburg Times, the World Policy Journal, the New York Times, Foreign Policy, the New York Daily News,, Courier de la Planete,, Politico, Worth Magazine and he is a frequent blogger at During the 2008 U.S. presidential campaign he was a regular contributor to the New York Times Campaign Stops blog.  He has also been featured on ABC News, Fox News, BBC TV and radio, South African television, Al Jazeera, Air America and XM Radio's Potus '08.

Mr. Cohen holds a bachelor's degree in international relations from American University and a master's degree from Columbia University.

Meanwhile, the mission of The Advocates is to bring to the public differing views on current “public policy” issues. “Public policy,” therefore, is what we as a nation legally and traditionally follow.


One can find my essays on FDR and other subjects at All of the archived shows can be found at: My guest next week is Robert Flower, PhD, and financial advisor, who will talk about health care reform in America, a conservative’s perspective. In following weeks I will have lawyer and legal scholar Michael Shapiro, of Carter, Ledyard, talking about newly appointed Justice Sototmayor and the Supreme Court, followed by renown newspaper man and columnist Milt Hoffman analyzing State, County and local politics.


One can find all of The Advocates programs archived at my show website:


Richard J. Garfunkel

The Advocates 8-5-09

The Advocates”


Richard J. Garfunkel

 WVOX – AM Radio 1460- 12 Noon Wednesday

August 5, 2009

All archived Shows at:


Wednesday, August 5, 2009, at 12:00 Noon, I am hosting my show, The Advocates on WVOX- 1460 AM, or you can listen to the program’s live streaming at One can call the show at 914-636-0110 to reach us on the radio.  Our guests are Gary Leogrande and Steve Lamoreaux. Our subject is revisiting the housing market after 15 months, has it bottomed, and how will credit reflect any potential recovery?


Gary Leogrande is the Operating Principal at Keller Williams NY Realty, which is based in White Plains, NY.  Gary is a Licensed Real Estate Broker in both NY and CT and has sold hundreds of houses through out the area over the past 23 years.  Gary has prized himself at being the best he can be in his profession.  He has been a consistent multi-million dollar Westchester-Putnam Multiple Listing Service (WPMLS) Award winner.   In addition to overseeing a dynamic office with over 100 agents he also has a team working with him specializing in foreclosure properties and residential re-sales.   Mastering his craft, Gary gives back to the Brokerage community by regularly teaching classes at the Westchester County Board of Realtors (WCBR) such as: New Agent Orientation, Ethics, Continuing Education, Salesperson and Brokers Classes.  He is the chair person of WPMLS Technology Committee, a director for WPLMS and chair of the Broker/Owner Managers Committee.  He has also served on the WCBR Professional Standards Committee for over 10 years.He has earned the following designations from the National Association of Realtors: Accredited Buyer Representative, Certified Residential Specialist and Certified Real Estate Brokerage Manager.

Mr. Lamoreaux background consists of 14 years in the financial markets – both retail and institutional, and another decade in the mortgage arena (from hedging, to underwriting, to sales). He has focused these last 6 years solely on reverse mortgages, speaking at Senior Centers throughout Connecticut, southeastern New York State and the boroughs of NYC. He also speaks before, and works closely with, Elder Law and Trust & Estate Attorneys, Financial Planners, Insurance Agents, and CPA’s. Steve is an instructor of classes to the general public through local Adult Education programs in courses in NY and CT. He has also been the host and guest for a number of financial radio programs throughout this area. He last visited The Advocates on April 2, 2008.

Meanwhile, the mission of The Advocates is to bring to the public differing views on current “public policy” issues. “Public policy,” therefore, is what we as a nation legally and traditionally follow.


One can find my essays on FDR and other subjects at One can also listen to all of the archived shows at: Our guest next week is Michael Cohen, the author of Live From the Campaign Trail, who will talk about his recent perspectives on Afghanistan. One can find all of The Advocates programs archived at


Richard J. Garfunkel

FDR and Barack Obama and the Filibuster Proff Congress 6-19-09

FDR and Barack Obama and the Filibuster Proof Congress;

Why Often Nothing Gets Done!

June 19, 2009

Richard J. Garfunkel


It is interesting that the media seems to rarely do its home work. With regards to the comparison of Barack Obama and the late Franklin Delano Roosevelt there is quite a difference how the Congress operated then and now. As to “cloture,” which existed in FDR’s time, as it does today, the majority then needed 66% of the then 96 Senators or 64 votes to bring a vote to the floor or stop a filibuster. The term was derived from the Spanish filibustero meaning 'pirate' or 'freebooter'. This term had in turn evolved from the French word flibustier, which itself evolved from the Dutch vrijbuiter (freebooter). This term was applied at the time to American adventurers, mostly from Southern states, who sought to overthrow the governments of Central American states, and was transferred to the users of the filibuster, seen as a tactic for pirating or hijacking debate.


In those days it was rarely used. In the whole 19th Century there were, it is estimated about twenty-three “cloture” votes. In fact, the filibuster, which is a tactic most commonly known from the 1939 film, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, is a methodology used to prevent action on the floor of the Senate. Therefore “cloture” is the calling of a vote, and in FDR’s day, 64 votes were needed, to shut off debate, and allow a floor vote where today 51 votes are needed for passage. In the post war years, the filibuster was more common regarding Civil Rights legislation, which was often bottled up by Dixiecrats from the South. Southern committee chairmen, in quite often life-time jobs, representing one-party “rotten boroughs,” took advantage of the seniority system and could thwart needed legislation in their committee caucuses or  eventually on the floor of the Senate.

The idea of unlimited debate emerged in1806, as the Senate agreed to change its rules, which had been existence since 1787.This allowed the potentiality of a group of Senators to talk an issue to death. Because the Senate created no alternative mechanism for terminating debate, the filibuster became an option for delay and blocking of floor votes. In 1917 a rule allowing for the cloture of debate (ending a filibuster) was adopted by the Democratic Senate at the urging of President Woodrow Wilson. From 1917 to 1949, the requirement for cloture was two-thirds of those voting. In 1946, Southern Senators blocked a vote on a bill proposed by Democrat Dennis Chavez of New Mexico (S. 101) that would have created a permanent Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) to prevent discrimination in the work place. The filibuster dragged on for weeks and weeks, and Senator Chavez was forced to remove the bill from consideration after a failed cloture vote even though he had enough votes to pass the bill.

In 1953, US Senator Wayne Morse, (I.-OR)., conducted a filibuster for 22 hours and 26 minutes protesting the Tidelands Oil legislation, which at the time was the longest one-person filibuster in U.S. Senate history.

After a term as an independent, Lyndon Johnson (D-TX), the Democratic Majority Leader, convinced Morse to switch to the Democratic Party in 1955. Despite his change in party affiliation, and accusations of being a “loose-cannon,” Morse won re-election to the United States Senate in 1956.

He defeated U.S. Secretary of the Interior and former four-term governor Douglas McKay in a hotly-contested race, record-spending race for Oregon. He later filibustered against President Eisenhower’s appointment of Clare Boothe Luce as ambassador to Brazil. Morse chastised Ms. Luce for her criticism of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Although the Senate confirmed Luce's appointment in a 79–11 vote, Luce retaliated against him. In her acceptance speech to the Senate, Luce commented that her troubles with Senator Morse were attributable to the injuries he sustained from being kicked by a horse in 1951. She also remarked that riots in Bolivia might be dealt with by dividing the country up among its neighbors. Ironically, an immediate firestorm erupted against these remarks from Morse and other Senators, and Luce's refusal to retract the remark about the horse, led to her resignation just three days after her appointment.

At one time the procedure for preparing to filibuster was called “taking to the diaper,” which referred to the actions undertaken by a prudent senator before an extended filibuster. As civil rights loomed on the Senate agenda, this rule was revised in 1949 to allow cloture on any measure or motion by two-thirds of the entire Senate membership; in 1959 the threshold was restored to two-thirds of those voting. After a series of filibusters led by Southern Democrats in the 1960s over civil rights legislation, the Democratic-controlled Senate in 1975 revised its cloture rule so that three-fifths of the Senators sworn (usually 60 senators) could limit debate. Changes to Senate rules still require two-thirds of Senators voting. Senator Strom Thurmond (D/R-SC) set a record in 1957 by filibustering the Civil Rights Act of 1957 for 24 hours and 18 minutes, although the bill ultimately passed. Thurmond broke the previous record of 22 hours and 26 minutes which Wayne Morse (I-OR) had established in 1953 protesting the Tidelands Oil legislation. Strom Thurmond visited a steam room before his filibusters in order to dehydrate himself so he could drink without urinating. An aide stood by in the cloakroom with a pail in case of emergency.

The filibuster has tremendously increased in frequency of use since the 1960s. In the 1960s, no Senate term had more than seven filibusters. One of the most notable filibusters of the 1960s was when southern Democratic Senators attempted, unsuccessfully, to block the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by making a filibuster that lasted for 75 hours. In the first decade of the 21st century, no Senate term had fewer than 49 filibusters. The 1999-2002 Senate terms both had 58 filibusters. The 110th Congress broke the record for filibuster cloture votes reaching 112 at the end of 2008.

During the two years of the 110th Congress (2007-2009), Senate Republicans filed an unprecedented, legislative-delaying 142 cloture motions. How come we hear little or nothing about this activity? The GOP has been using delaying tactics for years and great credit must go to Bill Clinton for getting anything done.

In the 73rd Congress, which was elected with President Roosevelt in 1932, the Democrats held 60 seats to 36 for the GOP. There were very few, if any, “cloture motions” in that session, despite all the complaints from some Senators that they did not have a chance to even read the bills being offered. If FDR had to worry or plan how to get 64 Senators to support each and every piece of legislation, rather than the 49 required in those days maybe nothing would have been accomplished. Those 15 extra votes would have been very difficult to satisfy!

Of course the House has different rules then the Senate, and in those days most districts were not “rotten boroughs” that were carved out of the State legislatures to make secure seats. Because of the tenure of the time, and the fact that the House stood for re-election every two years, popular sentiment could make for great changes in the make up of that body. In March of 1933, when FDR was inaugurated, the Democrats held a 311-117-5 advantage and could afford to lose 90 or so seats and still hold a majority. Just four years earlier, Herbert Hoover came in the White House with a House majority of 267-163-14 and Warren Harding enjoyed a 303-131-1 majority when he arrived in 1920. (By the way the 3rd number indicates members of other parties.)

Today the Democrats hold a 256-178 majority and though that is substantial, the idea that even a very successful Obama first two years could eliminate some of those remaining GOP seats is speculative. If a Michelle Bachman, R-MN, can hold her seat almost any GOP troglodyte is safe.

As to reform legislation regarding healthcare, market place regulation, the deficit and the tax code, Obama will need a strong Democratic commitment. Other issues regarding, energy policy “cap and trade,” education, “gay rights” and entitlements maybe compromised to death.





Letter to the South Carolina Legislature 7-1-09


The South Carolina Legislature should begin an investigation immediately of the Governor and his outrageous actions. His conduct and hypocrisy is sickening. How often are we going to have to tolerate empty and meaningless platitudes from philandering hypocrites on the public payroll? This is a man who called for the impeachment of Bill Clinton. This is a man who talks of family values; this is a man who deserves no pity from the public. This is a man who should resign or be removed. Former Governor Spitzer was forced out of his job in New York because of his indiscretions and no less should be required of this individual.


Personally I am tired and sickened by this faux silliness and the crocodile tears regarding sympathy for his selfish and disgusting conduct. How about sympathy for his tortured wife and family? How about sympathy for the folks of South Carolina who have been deceived and mislead? How about the average folks who have to explain his conduct to their children? When are we collectively going to be fed up with these miscreants?


Richard J. Garfunkel

40th Anniversary -Where Has the Time Gone 8-1-09

Our Fortieth Anniversary- Where Has the Time Gone?

Richard J Garfunkel

With able assistance of Linda R. Garfunkel

August 1, 2009


Where has all the time gone? I am sure all of us ask that question quite often. This past July 27th was our 40th anniversary and we celebrated by having a party this past Saturday with 40 (or so) of our friends and family.. Some had other obligations that were long planned, others were too far away, and a few, here and there, had physical limitations. We wondered if all the invitees had been able to attend, would we have been able to accommodate them!


As Charles Dickens said in David Copperfield, “I was born…” on May 2, 1945, in one of the greatest weeks in the history of the world. On that day, the final reports regarding the death of the super monster and criminal Adolf Hitler were trumpeted around the world. The Russians took Berlin and the Nazis surrendered officially in Italy. In the midst of that happiness, my parents, like any other patriotic Americans, were mourning the death of our great leader Franklin Delano Roosevelt. My mother was certainly relieved at the news, because she rarely was able to sleep soundly during the war while her brother, Captain Aaron Kivo was overseas serving with a combat unit in Europe. Linda’s mother Anne Kulick Rosen, like millions of others, was relieved to hear six days later President Truman’s VE-Day announcement, and the capitulation of Nazi forces all over the world. Linda’s father, Corporal Morris Rosen, was serving actively with the 656th Field Artillery Battalion, Fifth Corps, of the 1st Army, under the command of Lt. General Courtney Hodges (the second man to rise from the rank of private to become a full general.) Anne was looking forward to her husband accumulating enough “points” to be sent home from Europe.


Pop Morris told us many war stories aver the years. When the war ended, as he and his buddies were still in occupied Southern Germany, they heard the news and went back to their card game, as life went on. His photo album of war experiences was enlightening, humorous and tragic. Many of his photos were of Dachau, the defeated and humbled “supermen,” and even the Munich Beer Hall where the whole mess was germinated. He even brought back a book put together by his outfit, “Battling Guns” which chronicled the 656th Field Artillery’s history. His article “Lootin’ is Ferbootin” (but it doesn’t say positively) was a humorous view regarding the “spoils of war.” He also wrote, “Who Put the Put in Allas Kaput?”


By the way Corporal Rosen was awarded the Bronze Star and the following quote was taken from his citation, “For meritorious service in connection with military operations against an armed enemy from 12 December 1944 to 6 May 1945, in England, France, and Germany. The skill, courage, and dependability with which Corporal Rosen performed his duties as Survey Corporal contributed immeasurably to the combat effectiveness of his organization during operations on the Continent of Europe. His untiring initiative and accurate execution of his arduous tasks exemplify the finest traditions of the service.”


On a beautiful day, July 27, 1969, a bit over 24 years from those momentous days in 1945, we were married by Rabbi Perry Cohen at the Carleton House, which is still located at 680 Madison Avenue in New York City. Coincidently our ceremony was also held in a very spectacular time. Just a week earlier Astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins of Apollo 11 circled the Moon and Armstrong, of course, became the first man to step on that barren orb. The whole world was absolutely ecstatic over this spectacular achievement. We, like tens of millions of others, watched the landing with our fingers crossed, our hearts palpitating and our hopes soaring. We were in Anne and Morris’s bedroom at 120 East 34th Street that evening, and they amazingly were half asleep through the final moments!


I can recall few elements of the events that led to our wedding ceremony. As the groom, I was never really in the planning loop. The Rosens and Linda did all of the planning, and I was frankly amazed that they were planning a fairly large and elaborate ceremony. We met with Rabbi Cohen at a Near Eastern- Turkish style restaurant, where there was a belly dancer, and we talked about ourselves and discussed the up and coming wedding.  I was never really concerned who conducted the ceremony, and the only Rabbi I had any contact with as a congregant was the late Max Maccoby of the free Synagogue of Mount Vernon, who had died in 1956. In the years in between, I had attended services in other synagogues and had little connection to institutional Judaism. In a similar way, Linda did not have any special thoughts about who should conduct the wedding. My father-in-law knew Rabbi Cohen from the Junction Boulevard Jewish Center, a synagogue Morris founded in Lefrak City. Some of the board members were at our wedding. Years later we learned that Rabbi Cohen deserted his family and ran away with a younger woman.


As to the wedding itself, my best man was my first cousin Robert Kivo, who seemed interested in one of Linda’s friends, Amy Kessler. Amy was a roommate of Linda’s at Barnard College, and coincidently her parents, who were very sweet and gracious people, lived at 16 Lake Street, White Plains, where we had our first apartment. Linda’s other roommates were in Israel at the time of the wedding. As the glass of wine was passed to us by the Rabbi, Bob broke up Linda and me by suggesting that it contained hemlock. Many of our uncles and aunts were there. My grandfather, John Kivo who was passed 80 at the time, and the only surviving grandparent, cut the. challah. My father’s parents Abraham and Kate had died much earlier, and my mother’s mother Leah had died within a few years after my birth. Morris’s parents died in the flu epidemic of 1918, and Anne’s father had died in the early 1940’s. Her mother, Zelda Kulick, the matriarch of the family, died in the summer of 1960. She had lived with the Rosens for many years. We had a number of our friends there, including Henry and Madeline Littlefield. Three of my friends, Warren Adis, Stan Goldmark and Lew Perelman were in the armed forces and therefore unavailable to attend. Warren did send us a very interesting audio cassette.


Of course 1969 was a remarkable year, with many, many things happening. As we all remember Richard Nixon and his infamous Vice-President Spiro Agnew, were sworn in on January 20th, officially ending both the era of Camelot and the Great Society. Nixon won in a three way race against Huber Humphrey and anti-war, third party spoiler, Gene McCarthy, but the Democrats retained large majorities in both the Senate (58-42) and the House (243-192), They would hold those majorities (and even greater) in the Senate until 1980 and in the House until 1994.


The cost of living was rising because of the expense of the Vietnam War. Ground beef was 57 cents per pound, bread and coffee were both 23 and 95 cents per pound. Eggs were 40 cents a dozen. One could get a house for $15,525 around the country. We paid about $180 per month for our one bedroom apartment. A new car cost around $3,247, and we paid about that for a 1969 Volvo. The average income was around $8,500 per year and we both made approximately that level working for Bache & Company in New York City and Sleepy Hollow High School in the then North Tarrytown.


Getting back to our wedding plans, Linda registered in B. Altman & Company for our china and sterling. A five piece place setting of the former cost $25, while the sterling pattern, Francis the 1st, cost $55 for a four piece place setting. Some relatives gave us three place settings, which was a very extravagant gift! We bought our five piece bedroom set at Walter Grossman’s furniture store in Harlem. Walter was the father of my long-time friend Joel. For $500 we also got a king-size mattress and the bed had wooden posts. Our linen trousseau was bought on the Lower East Side, from one of Amrose Art Linens’ customers.


There was no Bed, Bath & Beyond in those days. Linda bought her wedding dress off the rack at Best & Company. Rather than wait to have a dress custom made, the off the rack dress cost $98 including the train. The veil had to be custom made and cost $35. The service at the store was as good as though the dress had cost $1,000’s. The formal wedding portrait was taken by JT Winburn in the store’s bridal photography area. They could not get the flowers correct, but Linda carried calla lilies down the aisle. They were supposed to look like they had just been picked.


The population of the United States was approximately 202 million about two-thirds what it is today. The unemployment rate was 3.5% and almost everyone was working or was in the armed forces. The war in Vietnam was still raging and our friend Warren Adis, who was just at our 40th Anniversary party with his wife Mary, missed our wedding because he was still in Vietnam. In that year, bonnie Prince Charlie, Queen Elizabeth’s son, officially became the Prince of Wales and the Earl of Chester.  The Woodstock Music Festival was held in the Town of Bethel, in Sullivan County, on Max Yasgur’s 600 acre dairy farm which he rented out for $75,000. Over the 200,000 plus music aficionados who attended that seminal event, was childhood friend Charles Columbus. He bought tickets, was stuck on the Thruway, and spent three muddy, but exciting days there.


Along with the excitement of the Moon Landing, we were all shocked by the Manson murders, Yale and Vassar went co-ed, and Mary Jo Kopechne drowned after Ted Kennedy drove his car off the Chappaquiddick Bridge. During 1969, our enemy Ho Chi Minh died at age 79, and Golda Meir became the Prime Minister of Israel. The Vietnam War continued to rage despite the long and extended peace talks in Paris, and Nixon made little progress, but he did start a secret bombing of Cambodia and Laos as we escalated our involvement.


In the sporting world, the formerly hapless Jets won their first and only Super Bowl under the inspired leadership of Coach Weeb Ewbank and Quarterback Joe Namath, who later that year threatened to quit the sport when NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle, forced him to sell his share in the NYC bistro Bachelor’s III. Namath, of course backed down, and the incident was quickly forgotten. Another event that was remarkable was the World Series triumph of the NY Mets over the heavily favored Baltimore Orioles, who had won 109 games that season. The Orioles rolled over the American League, and the once vaunted New York Yankees were wallowing 22 games behind the “Birds” on the weekend of our wedding. At the same time the poor and hapless Chicago Cubs were leading the 2nd place Mets by 4.5 games. That lead would fade quickly in September, as the “Amazins” went on to baseball immortality.


At the end of the season, the Yanks would finish 80-81, 28.5 games behind the Birds and would draw only 1,067,996, their lowest attendance since 1945. In comparison, since 1999, when they first exceeded the 3 million mark, they have steadily increased their attendance. From 2005 through 2008, at the now closed first Yankee Stadium, they drew over 4 million! By the way a box seat in 1969 cost around $3.00. Last year, that same seat, was $200! This year they range from $800 to $2500, and few are buying!


In 1969, Rod Carew and Pete Rose led their respective leagues in batting, and Harmon Killebrew and Willie McCovey were the MVP’s of their leagues. Other significant sporting events that happened in 1969, were the repeat championship efforts of the Boston Celtics who won their eleventh NBA title in twelve years, the Montreal Canadiens won the Stanley Cup, Steve Owens, the Oklahoma running back, won the Heisman Award and the University of Texas was king of College football. The Bruins of UCLA won another college basketball crown under the legendary Coach Johnny Wooden with his great star Lew Alcindor aka Kareem Abdul Jabarr.



In 1969, Uclans were in the middle of a seven year National Collegiate title winning streak, and when Johnny Wooden retired after 1975, the Bruins had won ten championships in twelve yeas. Also in 1969 the heavyweight boxing crown, which had been vacated by Muhammad Ali because of his refusal to be drafted into the US Army was held jointly by Joe Frazier and Jimmy Ellis.


The mile record of 3.51 was held by the former Kansan running sensation Jim Ryan. Today the record for the mile is under 3.43. Wasn’t it just yesterday when in 1954, Dr. Roger Bannister broke the 4:00 minute mile, a barrier that had eluded many great runners for years.


In the world of horse racing, the favored Majestic Prince, who had won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness, was upset by Arts and Letters, in front of about 90,000 people at Belmont Park, which included Linda, my grandfather John Kivo and me. In golf that year three virtual unknowns won the big major events; Orville Moody, the US Open, George Archer, the Masters, and Tony Jacklin, the British Open. In tennis the great Rod Laver won the Grand Slam, all four major Opens, and Billie Jean King won the US Open and Brit, Ann Jones won Wimbledon. Little known Mark Spitz, who had won a gold medal or two in the Tokyo Olympics won the 100 meter freestyle at the 8th Maccabian Games and his sister, 15 year old Nancy, took a silver medal in the 100 meter freestyle.


In the following days after the wedding, pictures were brought back from the Moon Landing, Nixon made a quick trip to Vietnam from Bangkok, Thailand, and photos from the Mariner trip to Mars were released.


On Broadway, Ann Miller starred in Mame, Oklahoma ($6.50 Sat. night Orch.)was ending another revival run, 1776, Promises, Promises Zorba, Cabaret ($12 Sat. night orchestra), Fiddler on the Roof,  ($9.90) The Great White Hope, $9.50) Hadrian VII, Hair, The Man of La Mancha, Plaza Suite ($8)all were doing well. Pearl Bailey was starring in Hello Dolly, ($11.90) and Mickey Rooney was the leading man in George M out in Westbury.


Some of the films that graced the movie theaters in July of 1969 were; I Am Curious Yellow, True Grit, the Wild Bunch, Castle Keep, The Lion in Winter, Romeo & Juliet, Goodbye Columbus and The Graduate. We saw most of those films, but I must admit that I only saw True Grit with John Wayne and Castle Keep with Burt Lancaster years later on television. Other notable1969 releases were Easy Rider, Midnight Cowboy, Alice’s Restaurant, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, and Paint Your Wagon. The Oscar for Best Picture was won by Midnight Cowboy and John Wayne and Maggie Smith won the Best Actor awards for True Grit and The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie respectively.The price for a movie was around $1.50 per ticket. Off the beaten path of mid-town, one could also see Monterrey Pop, La Strada, the Blue Movie, and 2001 Space Oddesey.


The leading songs in 1969 were the Beatles hits; Come Together and Get Back, Honky Tonk Women sung by the Rolling Stones, P.P. May’s, Leaving on a Jet Plane and Stand By Your Man by Tammy Wynette. The top television shows in that year were, Laugh-In, Gunsmoke, Bonanza, Mayberry RFD, Family Affair and Here’s Lucy.  I am positive that I watched very few of those shows. Nothing has changed too much; the top shows on television are still horrible.


The Nobel Peace Prize was won by the International Labour Organization and the prize for literature was won by Samuel Beckett.


Meanwhile, back at the Carleton House, the wedding was scheduled to begin at noon, and by 6 PM everybody was on their way home. I went back to our courtesy room at the hotel, which is now for permanent residents only, and my new raincoat was gone! We checked out, and drove to our new apartment at 16 Lake Street, White Plains. At some point that evening, we decided we were hungry. I drove down to the Mont Parnesse Diner on Central Avenue, where I bumped into my Uncle Aaron, Aunt Blanche and my grandfather John Kivo, who all lived nearby and were also in need of some refreshments. Since we did not have the time or money to go on a honeymoon, we postponed a trip to the following summer. On Monday, July 28th, I went to work at Bache & Company at 40 Wall Street, while Linda had a few weeks to get the apartment in order before beginning teaching social studies at Sleepy Hollow High School.


So on this past Saturday, August 1st, we celebrated our 40th anniversary in our backyard and on the deck at our townhouse in Tarrytown. In between we lived three years at 16 Lake Street, nine years at 122 Greenacres Avenue and twenty-one years at 101 Prospect Street. We had a wonderful mixture of about 40 guests which Among our 40 guests were friends from childhood, Amrose days, tennis games, Barnard College, politics both WP and Greenburgh, and relatives including our wonderful children Dana and Jon.